Tag Archives: hydraulic machine

Hydropower equipment manufacturers

ABB – The world’s leading supplier of just about every product in the power and automation scope of supply for hydropower plants – from generator circuit breakers and power transformers to switchgear, motors, drives and plant automation systems.

ALSTOM (formerly Tidal Generation ltd.) – Alstom has been present in the ocean energy market since 2009. In 2013 it completed the acquisition of Bristol-based Tidal Generation Ltd (TGL), which was established in 2005.
TGL developed a 500 kW tidal stream turbine – Deepgen – which was successfully deployed and connected to the grid at EMEC’s tidal test site at the Fall of Warness in Eday in September 2010. In March 2012, TGL announced that the device had generated over 200MWh into the national grid since installing their device on site.

SIEMENS – SIEMENS Energy Sector is one of the world’s leading suppliers of a wide range of products, solutions and services in the field of energy technology.

GENERAL ELECTRIC – GE is a world leader in the utilization and control of water, having supplied equipment to the hydropower and water control industries for over one hundred years.

PIDE – PIDE SRL is a company specialized in the design, production, installation, management and maintenance of hydroelectric power plants, gas distribution systems and integrated water systems. Founded in the ’80s, it established itself as an engineering company involved in management, consultancy services and streamlining of integrated water services and gas distribution networks

Global Hydro Energy – A young, dynamic enterprise, which operates worldwide in the field of hydropower technology. It is based in Austria.

GUGLER – GUGLER Water Turbines is a global supplier of Kaplan-, Francis- and Pelton turbines as well as the complete electromechanical equipment required for the implementation of small hydropower plants on a turn-key basis.

TOSHIBA – The first manufacturer of hydroelectric generating equipment in Japan. TOSHIBA is a leading exporter and has supplied much equipment to North America, Central and South America, Africa, Oceania, Asia and Eastern Europe. The company’s dedication to excellence has ensured that TOSHIBA is world leader both in conventional and pumped storage power stations.

HYUNDAI – Hyundai Heavy Industries Co, Ltd.(HHI) has estabilished its position as one of the top-ranking manufacturer in the world heavy industry market, thereby gaining a widely acclaimed reputation and reliability.

HONGYA – Hongya Power Generating Equipment to Utilities Limited is a specialized manufacturer of medium- and small -sized water turbine generators.

Zhejiang Jinlun Electromechanic – Jinhua Hydraulic Turbine Works was founded in 1958, it is the key enterprise of the National Mechanical Industrial Bureau, and the manufacturing base of the United Nations International Small Hydro Power Center

Fuchun Industry Development – Founded in 1978, Fuchun Industry Development Co., Ltd was moved to Shenzhen in 1998. In 2005, in the process of state-owned enterprise reform, the company has conglomeration and merger with GANZHOU COMPLETE SETS OF POWER GENERATING EQUIPMENTS MANUFACTURE CO., LTD, dealing with all export projects, especially Complete Sets of Power Generating Equipments including design, manufacture, and installation and operation supervision, training.




SHZ – Shaoyang Hengyuan Zijiang Hydroelectric Equipment Co., Ltd. Hunan (SHZ) was founded in 1969, is certified as one of the noted professional manufacturers of small & medium-sized hydroelectric equipment in China. It is a member unit of Hydroelectric Equipment Branch of China Electrical Equipment Industrial Association (CEEIA).

Chongqing Bochi – Since the early 1950s, Chongqing Bochi Machinery Group started as a small manufacturer for hydropower equipment.

Water energy

Water as a power source

Hydroelectric power

Hydropower, hydroelectric power or water power is power that is derived from the force or energy of flowing or falling water, which may be harnessed for useful purposes. Since ancient times, hydropower has been used for irrigation and the operation of various mechanical devices, such as watermills, sawmills, textile mills, dock cranes, and domestic lifts. Today, the term is used mainly in conjunction with the modern development of hydroelectric power, the energy of which can be transmitted considerable distance between where it is created to where it is consumed. Hydroelectricity is the  electricity generated by hydropower.




Types of Hydropower

– Riverine hydropower

– Marine energy

History of Hydropower

Hydropower has been used since ancient times to grind flour and perform other tasks. In the mid-1770s, French engineer Bernard Forest de Bélidor published “Architecture Hydraulique” which described vertical- and horizontal-axis hydraulic machines. By the late 19th century, the electrical generator was developed and could now be coupled with hydraulics. The growing demand for the Industrial Revolution would drive development as well. In 1878 the world’s first hydroelectric power scheme was developed at Cragside in Northumberland, England by William George Armstrong. It was used to power a single arc lamp in his art gallery. The old Schoelkopf Power Station No. 1 near Niagara Falls in the U.S. side began to produce electricity in 1881. The first Edison hydroelectric power plant, the Vulcan Street Plant, began operating September 30, 1882, in Appleton, Wisconsin, with an output of about 12.5 kilowatts. By 1886 there were 45 hydroelectric power plants in the U.S. and Canada. By 1889 there were 200 in the U.S. alone.

Hydroelectricity

At the beginning of the 20th century, many small hydroelectric power plants were being constructed by commercial companies in mountains near metropolitan areas. Grenoble, France held the International Exhibition of Hydropower and Tourism with over one million visitors. By 1920 as 40% of the power produced in the United States was hydroelectric, the Federal Power Act was enacted into law. The Act created the Federal Power Commission to regulate hydroelectric power plants on federal land and water. As the power plants became larger, their associated dams developed additional purposes to include flood control, irrigation and navigation. Federal funding became necessary for large-scale development and federally owned corporations, such as the Tennessee Valley Authority (1933) and the Bonneville Power Administration (1937) were created. Additionally, the Bureau of Reclamation which had began a series of western U.S. irrigation projects in the early 20th century was now constructing large hydroelectric projects such as the 1928 Hoover Dam. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers was also involved in hydroelectric development, completing the Bonneville Dam in 1937 and being recognized by the Flood Control Act of 1936 as the premier federal flood control agency.